Brazilian Coffee, Brazil is the world’s largest coffee producer and trading too is encouraged by a number of factors. Here are some facts about Brazilian coffee production and trade. Coffee is the world’s second most valuable commodity and an estimated 25 million people round the world rely on its manufacturing for their livelihood. The country of Brazil has the biggest economy in Latin America and is the leading producer and exporter of coffee, growing over one-third of the world’s coffee supply.
Businesses who are looking to importing coffee beans from Brazil really needs to know the fact and figures about Brazilian coffee and trade to help them in the process. With that in mind, here are some interesting facts about Brazilian coffee production and trade.
Coffee Producing Regions
Coffee initially entered Brazil in 1727 from French Guiana and distributed from northern Brazil to the mountainous southeastern states. Coffee thrived in these areas due to the heat, heavy rainfall, fertile soil, and a distinctive dried out season which provided optimum conditions for its growth.
Major Coffee Producing Regions of Brazil
The main coffee producing locations are spread across 12 Brazilian declares. It is estimated that there are about 3 hundred thousand coffee farms in the country, spread throughout the cities. The state of Minas Gerais alone produces roughly 50% of Brazil’s total coffee. The state’s fertile soil, climate conditions, and the amazing mountain topography and environment are suitable for coffee.
Varieties of Coffee
There are two primary types of coffee developed for drinking: Arabica and Robusta. Typically the dissimilarities involving the two are in taste, growing conditions, and price.
Arabica vs. Robusta Coffee
Robusta is a bitter-tasting, high-caffeine variant found in instant coffees. Arabica is considered higher-quality and consists about 70 percent of world coffee produced. Just about any commercial combination of coffee in developed countries is predominately Arabica. Robusta is grown mainly in the Asian countries and Arabica is grown generally in Latin America. Most countries only produce one type of coffee but some, like Brazil, produce both, as it has a continental territory.
Brazil currently exports the majority of their coffee to the United States and Germany. The United States is the world’s most significant individual buyer of coffee, with the American coffee market accounting for over one quarter of global coffee imports in value. Typically, the U.S. and Germany have less discriminating likes in tastes and import the relatively Brazil Arabica coffees mostly for blends.
Brazil’s Coffee Exports
Likewise, a sizable portion of the coffee produced actually remains inside the country, as Brazil is the other most significant coffee consuming country in the world behind the USA.
The Economics of Coffee & Climate Change
Because coffee varieties have designed to specific weather zones, a heat rise of even half a degree can make a large difference. Scientist forecast that climate change will severely impact coffee crops over the next eighty years. And, by 2050, more than 50% of the land used to develop coffee will no longer be ideal for its production. So, as climate change proceeds, it poses a threat to the world’s coffee supply, both in terms of quality and quantity.
Brazil’s production has been going through considerable changes in the recent years focusing not only on quality improvement and higher production, but also on sustainability. Higher temperatures, long droughts interspersed by heavy rainfall, more resilient unwanted pests and plant diseases—all consequences of weather change; are challenges already faced in Central America countries, and will also be faced by Brazilian growers, so they must adapt to be resilient.
The consequence of climate change on coffee are already visible, with the demand outweighing the supply the last several years.
Brazilian responsible coffee companies are working on sustainability efforts to help the smaller farmers to be more financially reliant on coffee who dedicate their land, water, Brazilian Coffee and work to its manufacturing, and reserve few resources to develop subsistence crops or to diversify production.
Importing coffee beans from Brazilis a good choice if you care about people, coffee and the planet.